Chinese language battery provider CATL on Wednesday introduced a brand new lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery that the corporate claims will allow super-fast charging.
Known as Shenxing, the brand new battery is scheduled to enter mass manufacturing later this 12 months, in keeping with an organization press launch. CATL claims it may get well 250 miles of vary in simply 10 minutes of charging, and allow a complete vary of over 435 miles per full cost.
CATL Shenxing battery
The Shenxing battery encompasses a new variant of LFP chemistry that features absolutely nano-crystallized cathode materials and a “multi-gradient layered electrode design” that CATL claims balances properties for fast charging with these for lengthy vary. A brand new electrolyte has decrease viscosity, which improves conductivity, whereas different adjustments have been made to enhance the transmission of lithium ions inside the cell.
CATL claims the Shenxing battery can attain 80% state of cost in 10 minutes at room temperature, or in half-hour at temperatures as little as 14 levels Fahrenheit, overcoming the poor cold-weather charging efficiency that is been a weak level of LFP chemistry. That is due to a cell-level temperature management system, which additionally helps preserve 0-62 mph acceleration efficiency in chilly temperatures, in keeping with CATL.
CATL Shenxing battery
LFP batteries have primarily been the area of Chinese language automakers and battery suppliers. It ought to assist with EV affordability, though cold-weather charging and efficiency are among the many drawbacks that up till now have saved U.S.-market automakers cautious, limiting them to probably the most reasonably priced fashions within the lineup.
U.S. automakers are starting to undertake extra LFP chemistry, although. Ford is planning to make LFP cells beneath license to CATL in Michigan. With LFP cells, the Mustang Mach-E truly goes a number of extra miles than comparable variations with nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) cells.
Tesla has shifted to LFP cells for base variations of the Mannequin 3 and Mannequin Y, whereas Rivian additionally plans them in base variations of its vans.